"Primitive" Greek Artwork: Large Statuary

The first freestanding sculpture was developed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. Kouros figures, sculptures of young, attractive male or female (kore) Greeks, made up the majority of the sculptures. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to represent beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising stiffness to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and undressing. In around 650 BC, the varieties of the kouroi became life-sized. A substantial age of improvement for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about newer forms of government, expressions of art, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. ft_278__22187.jpg And yet these disagreements did not prevent the expansion of the Greek civilization. {

A Glimpse into the Origins of Outdoor Water Fountains

Countless of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the patronage of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. Turning the city into the worthy capital of the Christian community was important to him, so he also took steps to beautify it. Beginning in 1453, the ruined Aqua Vergine, an historical Roman aqueduct which had brought clean drinking water into the city from many miles away, underwent restoration at the bidding of the Pope. In addition, the ancient Roman tradition of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was renewed by Nicholas V. At his bidding, the architect Leon Battista Alberti began the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where the imposing Trevi Fountain now stands. The aqueduct he had rebuilt included changes and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply the necessary water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.